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The rhythm of a child's growth

The rhythm of a child's growth


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The development, growth, and maturity of children have varied. Therefore, the child's own rhythm should always be taken into account and not compared to others.

The growth of the child

Growth is the period of development of the body in which the child gradually reaches his or her adult size. In this process, the cells of the organs growing in length are multiplied. The long bones of the limbs open, and the short bones - for example, the bones of the spinal column - thicken. The internal organs develop in proportion to the increase in muscle, fat and body mass. When the body size and function of the organs reach its intended function, the cells multiply. Human growth almost ceases to be twenty years old. The developmental cycle of each organ may be different. The proliferation of nerve cells is stopped before birth, but only the size of the cells increases slightly. skin cells - constantly multiply, grow again. Wound violinization can also be a result of this permanent process. Teeth and hair are growing throughout our lives. Some other organs are also capable of regeneration. For example, it is retrained after the removal of most of the liver.

The child's growth is gradual

The human body develops from a bunch of eggs within nine months of fertilization. The average Newborn 52 cm long, 3.25 kg weight. Infant length and weight increase proportionally with each other. It is important to keep track of your development as this is a visible sign that your baby is in good health.The baby has a very large head relative to the body. The size of the skull does not change much after childbirth, increasing to just 1.7 times the size of the childbirth. In contrast, the limbs will be seven times as long as they were at birth.

The rhythm of the baby's growth

The rhythm of growth not bland. For newborns, the process is very fast. By the age of three months, the little one is growing 3 centimeters a month, but only half a centimeter at adulthood. The average size child is 10 centimeters from birth to 14 months between the ages of three and twelve months, 12 in the second year, 7.5 in the third, 7.5 centimeters in the fourth, not so smooth. The fat content is 14% of the newborn weight. For a six month old baby, the rate is already 25%. Body fat is finally stabilized at six years of age. The rate remains around 14%. Only in girls does this increase in adolescence to 23% of total body weight. Occasionally, after one year of age, the child's growth stops for a while. This can be spontaneous or it can cause illness. There is no need to worry if the halt is only temporary. What is certain is that birth weight is usually doubled by the age of five.The curvaceous shapes characteristic of young children are slowly disappearing after the first two years. The kid will be leaner. The backbone is shaped like a curve, allowing the tiny man to stay in balance. During the early years, the central nervous system is developing very rapidly. Then is the first period of captivity. The weight of the child should also be monitored, as this may eventually result in the persistence of excess weight. Later, growth is expected to be even (about 5-6 centimeters per year) until adolescence. The limbs open, the milk teeth fall out one after the other, and the lasting teeth disappear. The size of the room depends on the child's sex and the factors that are known. Growth is also influenced by growth hormone, diet, certain psychological factors, and the interplay of all of these.

The age of the wrist bones

In the first years of life, "child bones" are spawned by "bone bones". X-rays of the wrist allow the child to assess growth independently of his or her health. The picture tells you what the age of the bone is, and also whether it is age appropriate for development. The peculiarity of the wrist bones is that it is gradual, accurate in a specific order fejlхdnek. First, there is a set of growth cartilage cells that multiply and then develop into final bone. These bones can still thicken from the direction of the outer skeleton of the bone.

The healthy growth of the baby

Adult height is already determined by fetal growth. Growth can be disturbed by the malfunctioning of the placenta, but also by the mother drinking or smoking during pregnancy. Growth hardship in the womb does not always compensate. The Catching is very important in the development of body dimensions. Children living in favorable social conditions grow noticeably higher than their parents. The hormones that regulate bone growth in childhood are selected by the pituitary gland and the thyroid gland. Adolescent growth is controlled by the hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. But it also has an effect on thyroid hormone and one of the hormones selected from the thyroid gland. This hormone also plays a role in the ossification of cartilage, and is therefore actually continuing to grow. Children who arrive early in adolescence remain below average.

Boys, girls and height

Children between the ages of 1 and 4 are the fastest children, girls, and boys alike. Height is 96-112 cm. They grow an additional 4-6 cm per year until they reach the age of one. Between the ages of 11 and 16, adolescent growth ends. Babies are the strongest between the ages of 10.5 and 14 years, and boys - because they are sexually mature - start at 12.5 and 16 years of age. .

The average height is low

In the developed countries, the short term ends in XX. In the 20th century, the average height of people increased significantly. There are two reasons for this. One is that growth is happening faster than it is today (16-year-old boys are ten centimeters taller than their grandfather was so old). The other explanation is that we are eating better and more varied nowadays. An inadequate diet can also cause bodily abnormalities (dementia, late childhood adolescence). Especially for a child growing up the right diets are important, which contains ingredients that are indispensable for healthy adult choice.

Growth disorders

At the level of development and development of the various organs, hormones are regulated. Inadequate function of the endocrine glands causes developmental abnormalities. Such as turbidity, iridescence or acromia, or, in the head, excessive enlargement of the limbs. Children with hormone deficiency are treated with artificially hormone hormones. If the caregiver is started at the right time, children can reach their normal height. Children who are too large are also advised to be examined and treated.

Children's whiteboard

Your child should be given the right amount of food each time they come quantity and quality of whitessince white is the primary constituent of living conditions. Protein (white) comes from the Greek "protos" word. Meaning: elementary, basic, main. One twelve-year-old child needs eighty grams of white a day. This is the sum of animal (meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and vegetable whites (bread, cereals, legumes). The amino acids from which whites emerge are as essential as they are different. Out of the seven amino acids, children need ten, and adults need eight essential amino acids. The essential amino acids - these cannot be produced by the body - contain only protein of animal origin in appropriate proportions and quantities. Non-essentials, on the other hand, can be produced by the body in both white and animal whites. likewise water is vital. 80% of the child's body is water-borne and can be expelled very quickly. Naturally, it is also necessary to supplement the fluid lost during urination and sweating.Related articles:



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